This is the "Chicago Style Guide" page of the "Chicago Style Guide for Upper School" guide.
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Chicago Style Guide for Upper School  

Last Updated: Sep 22, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates
Chicago Style Guide Print Page

Chicago Manual of Style Formatting


NoodleTools Overview


How to Export or Print Your Bibliography


Basic Style Guide

At The Pennington School, we use Chicago Style as the format for crediting sources and formatting all written papers and assignments in the history classes. Footnotes, which provide source information at the bottom of the page, allows the reader to focus on the evidence and not publication information about the evidence.  This citation style is used in historical research. 

NoodleTools provides an integrated system for note-taking, outlining, citation, research, and writing. Students should use NoodleTools to format their footnotes and "Bibliography" page unless otherwise instructed by their teacher. Upper School students should select the "Advanced" citation level when creating projects.

Chicago Style Bibliography Sample (Diana Hacker)



The style of Chicago/Turabian we use requires footnotes rather than in-text or parenthetical citations. Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources. Generally, you want to provide the author’s name, publication title, publication information, date of publication, and page number(s) if it is the first time the source is being used. Any additional usage, simply use the author’s last name, publication title, and date of publication.

Footnotes should match with a superscript number at the end of the sentence referencing the source. You should begin with 1 and continue numerically throughout the paper. Do not start the order over on each page.


Chicago Style Citations (Chicago Manual of Style Online)

Sample Chicago Style Paper (Grace College of Divinity)


Chicago Manual of Style Notes and Bibliography Guidelines (Purdue OWL)


Plagiarism Information

Why cite your sources?

  • Helps you avoid plagiarism
  • Allows the reader to locate your sources.
  • Provides evidence for your arguments.
  • Protects the intellectual property of the originator of the work.

What to cite...

  • Anything that you read in any format like books, journal articles, web pages, etc.
  • Anything that is presented or spoken like speeches, lectures, personal interviews, performances, etc.
  • Other works like films, songs, dramatic performances, etc. that are the intellectual property of someone else.

You don't need to cite what would be considered common knowledge, such as facts, events, concepts, etc. that are widely known and accepted as true.

Majority of the information in this section is borrowed from "Bruin Success with Less Stress" found on the UCLA Library's website


The Pennington School community is based upon principles of honor, respect, and trust among students, faculty, and staff. As a member of that community I pledge that I will act with honor in all areas of my life and in every choice I make:

Studying with integrity and fostering an atmosphere of learning.

Leading a life of principle in my athletic, artistic, and social endeavors.

Inspiring others to do the same through example and encouragement.

As a Pennington student I represent the School, and I commit myself to living by the principles of this Honor Code in my academic work, my extracurricular activities, my social relationships, and my conduct in the community at large.


From page 7 in the  2016 - 17 Student | Parent Handbook


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